47. Which of the following statements on the general difference between plant and animal cells are correct? (Response C) Capitalists should become the trustees of the country`s wealth, and they should use their genius for common salvation. Capitalists, in agreement with society, should set a nominal profit. All classes should work together to increase production. Gandhiji was not for big industries. The next question, of course, is: What effect would the change in their meaning have? And I thought that if we take away freedom and equality – dotted with inner tension, as they are – from the theoretical milieu of European modernity, and that we put at the centre the ideal of an inalienable life, you can bring back freedom and equality (from the back door, so to speak), but it is no longer so central. but only as necessary conditions for this more fundamental ideal, which is at the centre of concerns. The idea is that if it is done correctly, there would be a serious chance of eliminating the internal tension between freedom and equality that existed when they were the central ideas. But to achieve this goal, he believed in the use of violent means. During his stay, the condition in Europe was that it was not possible to abolish capitalism by parliamentary or non-violent means. He did not have confidence in economic decentralization.
He wanted to abolish the government through revolution to destroy the root and branch of capitalism. There is a great resemblance between Mahatma Gandhi and Kart Marx. Economic determinism is a socio-economic theory according to which economic relations (such as owners or capitalists or workers or proletarians) are the basis on which all other social and political arrangements of society are based. The theory points out that societies are divided into competing economic classes, whose relative political power is determined by the nature of the economic system. 2. A common agreement between Gandhism and Marxism is (Response- A) the American geostrategist Thomas P.M. Barnett describes himself in his book The Pentagon`s New Map as an economic determinist. But even if I put aside these affinities with Marx, if I am right, Gandhi thought that India was at a crossroads where Europe was at the beginning of modern times and that he wanted to anticipate the developments of the political economy (and its harmful cognitive and social effects) that took place in later European modernity, it is an equally good comparison with other radically divergent voices at the beginning of Europe.